Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +



Title: ROMANIAN COAL BETWEEN DECARBONIZATION PROGRAMS, EXPLOITATION CLOSURE AND ENERGY CRISIS

ROMANIAN COAL BETWEEN DECARBONIZATION PROGRAMS, EXPLOITATION CLOSURE AND ENERGY CRISIS
Cristian Tomescu; Ion Gherghe; Florin Radoi; Adrian Matei; Alexandru Camarasescu
10.5593/sgem2022/1.1
1314-2704
English
22
1.1
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
The energy crisis triggered globally in the last quarter of 2021, forced Romania to go through a winter with liberalized electricity and gas prices, a period unprecedented in terms of consumer prices, accentuated by the result of closing energy targets that coalfired operations as a result of the imposition of EU conditions for the restructuring of the mining and energy sector. The year before, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic, with restrictions imposed, produced a decrease in electricity demand, a decline in coal-fired power consumption, greatly reduced the share of gas in the energy mix, using preferential renewable energy sources.
Subsequently, Russian gas prices have risen to record highs and, as a result, coal-fired power generation has returned to the European Union in 2021, although coal became more expensive and emission allowance prices doubled. In the context of the armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine, major price increases are expected worldwide, generating new risks of exposing the economy and new challenges in terms of ensuring Romania's independence and energy security.
Against this background of these situations, can Romania still respect the European commitments of the Green Pact, meet these challenges and respond to the needs of the communities affected by the projected programs? The present paper aims at a critical assessment of the current situation of the Romanian coal mining and future trends of using a “clean coal” as a variant to respond to the requirements of the environmental concerns.
[1] http://www. gov.ro/ Emergency Ordinance/On some measures to decarbonise the energy sector -31.05.2022/draft Pdf (in Romanian) [Accessed 02.06.2022]
[2] https:// ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/ro final necp main ro.pdf/_ Integrated National Plan in the field of Energy and Climate Change 2021-2030, April 2020, [Accessed 25.05.2022]
[3] https://mfe.gov.ro/pnrr/ National Recovery and Resilience Plan, Ministry of European Investments and Projects [Accessed 25.05.2022]
[4] http://www.euractiv.ro/economic/ The environmental pact: How the Commission sees the transformation of the European economy (in Romanian), [Accessed 25.05.2022]
[5] C. Tomescu, D. Cioclea, I. Gherghe, E. Chiuzan, A. Szolosi-Mota, 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2018, Exploration and Mining Section The exploitation of the hard coal of the Jiu Valley coalfield in terms of profitability, on the concepts of energy security and social security, (Albena-Bulgaria, 2018)
[6] C. Tomescu, E. Chiuzan, D. Cioclea, N. Ianc, C. Boanta, 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2020, Exploration and Mining, Reducing the coal operating capacities in Romania in the context of national energy self-sufficiency and safety insurance, (Albena, Bulgaria, 2020)
[7] N. Anastasiu, E. Constantinescu, T. Murariu, A. Patruti, E.M. Popa, E.R. Stoica Negulescu, Romania's mineral resources Vol. III - Energy resources, (Romanian Academy Publishing House, Bucharest, 2019)
[8] http://www.insse.ro/ Primary energy resources in the period 1.I-30.X. 2021[Accessed 15.05.2022]
[9] http://www.sistemul energetic.ro, [Accessed 25.05.2022]
[10] N. Ilias, D.Fodor, I. Offenberg, S.M. Radu, I. Andras, Academy of Technical Sciences from Romania, Bucharest, 2022, The future of coal in Romania-Study
conference
Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 04 - 10 July, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
385-392
04 - 10 July, 2022
website
8432
coal, energy, decarbonization, gas, energy crisis

24th SGEM International Conference on Earth & Planetary Sciences


International GeoConference SGEM2024
28 June - 8 July, 2024 / Albena, Bulgaria

Read More
   

SGEM Vienna GREEN "Green Science for Green Life"


Extended Scientific Sessions SGEM Vienna GREEN
25 - 29 November, 2024 / Vienna, Austria

Read More
   

A scientific platform for Art-Inspired Scientists!


The Magical World Where Science meets Art
Vienna, Austria

Read More