Header Image Title: SUSTAINABLE USE OF MEAT AND BONE MEAL THROUGH DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROCESSES
Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +

ARTICLE METRICS


Altmetrics info

Title: SUSTAINABLE USE OF MEAT AND BONE MEAL THROUGH DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROCESSES

SUSTAINABLE USE OF MEAT AND BONE MEAL THROUGH DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROCESSES
Anca Maria Zaharioiu; Roxana Elena Ionete; Felicia Bucura; Florian Marin; Marius Constantinescu
10.5593/sgem2022/5.1/s20.057
10.5593/sgem2022/5.1
1314-2704
978-619-7603-46-0
English
22
5.1
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Ecology and Environmental Protection
Meat and bone meal (MBM) is considered animal waste and can no longer be used in agriculture since the onset of the disease called spongiform encephalopathy in cattle. This waste is burned and then dumped in landfills, which causes unwanted emissions to the environment. This is a real problem nowadays and we must find environmentally friendly solutions must be identified to eliminate this waste by energy recovery. For these reasons, a lot of processes have been developed to recovery the MBM, which are environmentally friendly and generate alternative fuels. The pyrolysis process takes place at a temperature of 500 degrees Celsius in a nitrogen atmosphere and in the absence of oxygen that could have developed nitrogen and sulfur compounds. The pyrolysis and gasification processes result in three types of products: MBM pyrolysis bio-oil, MBM pyrolysis gas and MBM pyrolysis bio-char. The calorific value of MBM, but also of reaction products such as MBM pyrolysis bio-oil and MBM pyrolysis gas is in the range of 17.8 MJ / kg - 36.7 MJ / kg. Due to the high ash content and low calorific value of the bio-char, it cannot be used as an alternative fuel. Bio-char can be used to fertilize soils due to its high phosphorus content, in a proportion of about 40%.
meat and bone meal, gasification, pyrolysis, pyrolysis products
[1] Ayllon A.M., Gea G., Murillo M.B., Sanchez J.L., Arauzo J., Kinetic study of meat and bone meal pyrolysis: an evaluation and comparison of different possible kinetic models, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 74/Issues 1–2, pp 445-453, 2005.
[2] Ayllon M., Aznar M., Sanchez J.L., Gea G., Arauzo J., Influence of temperature and heating rate on the fixed bed pyrolysis of meat and bone meal, Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 121, pp 85–96, 2006.
[3] Conesa J.A., Fullana A., Font R., Thermal decomposition of meat and bone meal, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 70/ issue 619, pp 30, 2003.
[4] Cascarosa E., Gea G., Arauzo J., Thermochemical processing of meat and bone meal: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.16, pp 942–957, 2012.
[5] Lombardi L., Carnevale E., Corti A., Greenhouse effect reduction and energy recovery from waste landfill, Energy, vol. 31/issue 15, pp 3208-3219, 2006.
[6] Chaala A., Roy C., Recycling of meat and bone meal animal feed by vacuum pyrolysis, Environment Science Technology, vol. 37, pp 4517–4522, 2003.
[7] Sarkar S., Kumar A., Large-scale biohydrogen production from bio-oil, Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp 7350–7361, 2010.
[8] Cascarosa, E., Becker, J., Ferrante, L., Briens, C., Berruti, F., Arauzo, J., Pyrolysis of meat-meal and bone-meal in a mechanically fluidized reactor. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 91, pp 359–367, 2011b.
[9] Berruti F.M., Ferrante L., Briens C.L., Berruti F., Pyrolysis of cohesive meat and bone meal in a bubbling fluidized bed with an intermittent solid slug feeder, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 94, pp 153–162, 2012.
[10] Luo Z., Wang S., Liao Y., Zhou J., Gu Y., Cen K., Research on biomass fast pyrolysis for liquid fuel, Biomass Bioenergy, vol. 26, pp 455–462, 2004.
[11] Soni C.G., Wang Z., Dalai A.K., Pugsley T., Fonstad T., Hydrogen production via gasification of meat and bone meal in two-stage fixed bed reactor system, Fuel, vol. 88, pp 920–5, 2009.
[12] Fedorowicz E., Miller S.F., Miller B.G., Biomass gasification as a means of carcass and specified risk materials disposal and energy production in the beef rendering and meatpacking industries, Energy & Fuels, vol. 21, pp 3225–32, 2007.
The authors are grateful to National R&D Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Ramnicu Valcea, Romania and part of this research was financially supported by the Romanian Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, under NUCLEU Program-Financing Contract No. 9N/2019, under Project PN 19 11 03 01.
conference
Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 04 - 10 July, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
449-456
04 - 10 July, 2022
website
8721