Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Andra Zvirbule; Anita Auzina; Gunta Grinberga-Zalite; Diana Liva
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
The most significant challenges of organic farming are the fragmentation of the sector, unstable product supply and sales opportunities, as well as the lack of knowledge of how to manage agricultural production agronomically and economically effective. The predominant form of agricultural enterprises in Latvia is small and medium-sized farms. Thus, cooperation is an effective solution so that farmers can maintain the form of a family business and achieve an appropriate economic market, which would contribute to the possibility of sales and the value of the products produced. However, there are no fully organic and eligible grain cooperatives in Latvia in 2021. The research aim: to analyse factors affecting the needs of organic grain production through various alternatives to cooperation models. To achieve the aim, the following research methods were employed: logical construction, the graphical method, the monographic method, expert interviewing and factor ranking analysis. The research concluded that the factors influencing organic grain producer needs were most effectively implemented through the fully organic grain cooperative form – the normal distribution was 40.32. The weakest form of cooperation that provided opportunities for the development of organic grain production was mixed-type cooperatives, which combined both organic and conventional agricultural production. The normal distribution for mixed-type cooperatives was 25.00. The development of organic farming could be promoted by cooperation between organic producers. An organic single-product cooperative directly addresses the needs of organic producers – merging small and medium farms and providing appropriate infrastructure –, thus contributing to production consolidation and competitiveness.
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[2] Hansmann, R., Baur, I., Binder, C.R. (2020) Increasing organic food consumption: An integrating model of drivers and barriers. In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 275, Article 123058
[3] Bavec, F. (2014) Organic Production of Cash Cereals and Pseudocereals. In: Organic Agriculture Towards Sustainability. [online]: Accessible:
[4] Candemir, A., Duvaleix, S., Latruffe, L. (2021). Agricultural cooperatives and farm sustainability – A literature review. In: Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 35, Issue 4. pp. 1118 – 1144.
[5] Giannakas, K., Fulton, M., Sesmero, J. (2016). Horizon and free-rider problems in cooperative organizations. In: Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Vol 41, pp. 372 – 392.
[6] Illiopoulus, C., Hendrikse, G. W. J. (2009) Influence Costs in Agribusiness Cooperatives: Evidence from Case Studies. In: International Studies of Management and Organization, Vol. 39, Issue 4, pp. 60–80.
[7] Cristache, S. E., Vula, M., Marin, E., Cioaca, S. I., Vula, M. (2018) Organic versus Conventional Farming—A Paradigm for the Sustainable Development of the European Countries. In: Sustainability, Vol. 10, Article 4279.
[8] Feldmane L.,Zvirbule A. (2020) Influence of institutional framework on economic activity of agricultural cooperatives: Latvia’s case. In: Proceedings of the 21st International scientific conference "Economic science for rural development", Jelgava, 2020. - No 53, pp. 39.-47.
[9] Dobele A., Zvirbule A., Pece V. (2018) Economic diversification on small agricultural holdings In: Proceedings of the International scientific conference "Economic science for rural development".-Jelgava, 2018. - Nr. 47 : pp. 57.-64.
[10] Latvia Agriculture Report (2020). [Online] [accessed 07.05.2022.]. Available: aimniecibas_gada_zinojums1.pdf
[10] Biobum! More tonnes, more euros. (2021) In: Biologically No. 6, pp. 11.
[11] Organic farming companies registered with control bodies (2021) [Online] [accessed 23.05.2022]. Available: mi
Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 04 - 10 July, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
04 - 10 July, 2022
cooperation, organic, grain production

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