Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


George W. White; Bruce Millett; Kimberly Johnson Maier; Corina Tatar
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Wind energy has grown in popularity and concomitantly so has the installation of wind turbines. As both alternative and green sources of energy, many may assume that wind energy is replacing fossil fuels such petroleum and natural gas and leading us to a more sustainable future. While renewable energy is part of the sustainability equation, another common attribute of achieving sustainability is the localization of production and consumption. In many ways, this almost automatically occurs with wind turbines because electricity does not transport well over long distances. However, despite this characteristic of electricity, it does not mean that electricity cannot be exported, especially when political geographies are considered. Indeed, this research will examine the U.S. state of South Dakota to demonstrate that wind-generated electricity can be treated from an economic point of view as an export commodity despite any local benefits that it generates. By examining statistics for electricity generation, it will be seen that wind energy is doing much more than replacing local electricity generation by fossil fuels. Further examination will show that a significant amount of wind-generated electricity in South Dakota is exported outside the state.
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[2] Hao, Siqi, Adrian T.H. Kuah, Christopher D. Rudd, Kok Hoong Wong, Nai Yeen Gavin Lai, Jianan Mao, and Xiaoling Liu. A circular approach to green energy: Wind turbine, waste and material recovery, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 72, pp 1-10, 2020.
[3] Borawski, Piotr, Aneta Belducka-Borawska, Krzysztof Jozef Jankowski, Bogdan Dubis, and James W. Dunn. Development of wind energy market in the European Union. Renewable Energy, vol. 161, pp 691-700, 2020.
[4] Windexchange. Wind energy in South Dakota. 2022.
[5] South Dakota Public Utilities Commission. South Dakota wind energy projects. 2022, January.
[6] U.S. Energy Information Administration. Table CT8. Electric Power Sector Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2020, South Dakota. 2020.; Table CT8. Electric Power Sector Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2018, South Dakota.
[7] U.S. Energy Information Administration. South Dakota: State profile and energy analysis. 2020, June 16.
[8] United States Census Bureau. Quick Facts: South Dakota. 2022. 2022.
[9] United States Census Bureau. South Dakota 2000: Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. 2022.
[10] IndyStar. 2020 Decennial Census: How many people live in South Dakota. 2022.
[11] Ritchie, Caitlin. Energy rankings: Which states use the most electricity: per household. Choose Energy. 2021, December 10.
[12] U.S. Energy Information Administration. EIA-861 Annual Electric Power Industry Report. 2021, August 11.
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Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 06-08 December, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
06-08 December, 2022
wind, energy, economics, South Dakota

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