Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Mariana Jurian; Enis Muslim
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
In this paper, the main maritime exploration techniques have been analyzed, the seismic refraction, and the seismic reflection. Pursuant to the performed research, we considered the seismic reflection to be of interest, for which we shall suggest improvement in how the data is collected by proposing a hydrophone design. At present, the continuation of exploitation of the traditional basins of natural resources (gas, oil), as well as the emergence of new reserves, such as those in the Black Sea, make it compulsory to engage an important effort in approaching the newest and most modern methods and techniques of investigation and exploitation of the subsoil reserves.
The two fundamental techniques in seismic exploration used at sea are the seismic refraction method, and the seismic reflection method. The main difference between the two techniques consists in the fact that, in the case of refraction, the energy reaches the recipient after it has passed through the rock layers, while in the case of reflection, the energy is received after it has been reflected by the subterranean layers.
[1] Edward J. Tarbuck and Frederick K Lutgens, Earth, an introduction to Physical Geology, Pearson Education, Inc. 11-th Edition, 2014.
[2] David George Price, Engineering Geology, Principles and Practice, Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2009.
[3] Haliburton< Basic petroleum Geology and Log Analysis, 2001.
[4] Chris H. Chapman, Cambridge University Press, Fundamentals of Seismic Wave Propagation, 2004.
[5] International Association of Oil and Gas Production, An overview of marine Seismic Operations, 2011.
[6] Antoni Manuela, Sensors Magazine, Ocean Bottom Seismometer, Design and Test of a Measurement System for Marine Seismology, 2012
[7] Jack Caldwell, William Dragoset, A brief overview of seismic air-gun arrays, The leading Age, August 2000.
Proceedings of 23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023
23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023, 03 - 09 July, 2023
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Russian Acad Arts; Turkish Acad Sci.
03 - 09 July, 2023
maritime research, seismic refraction, geotechnical investigation

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