Title: THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE: CASE STUDIES FROM THE BULGARIAN BLACK SEA LITTORAL

Title: THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE: CASE STUDIES FROM THE BULGARIAN BLACK SEA LITTORAL

  BibTex  
774
Peer Reviewed
THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE: CASE STUDIES FROM THE BULGARIAN BLACK SEA LITTORAL
N. Prahov; B. Prodanov; K.Dimitrov; K. Velkovsky
2021
10.5593/sgem2021/2.1/s11.89
1314-2704
978-619-7603-22-4
21
2.1
• Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE
• Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Cartography and GIS
The article presents some case studies of negative impact of human activities on underwater cultural heritage from Black Sea.
A serious problem is the pollution and the litter disposal in the historical harbours. The resulting conditions often endanger some impressive and well-preserved underwater cultural heritage sites. An advanced methodology for litter registering and assessment was developed and applied using remote sensing with side scan sonar, subbottom profiler and orthophotography using a drone.
The survey of deep-sea shipwrecks using remote operated vehicles (ROV’s) discovered that some of them are almost covered with litter. The ancient remains act as traps which catch light litter objects (mostly items made of plastic), transported by the deep-sea currents. The litter seriously reduced the possibility for exploration and recording of some shipwrecks, and their presentation to the public.
The ROV and submarine surveys revealed the extent of the damage to numerous originally well-preserved shipwrecks as a result of the fishing industry practice of bottom trawling.
All these cases of negative impact by human activities on the cultural heritage, and its rapid deterioration raise the question of the necessity of prompt and adequate reactions and measures for the prevention of further damage to these endangered underwater archaeological monuments.
Underwater Cultural Heritage; Marine litter; Black Sea Shipwrecks; Bottom trawling; Black Sea currents
conference
21st International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2021
21st International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2021, 16 - 22 August, 2021
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
SGEM International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci
441-450
16 - 22 August, 2021
website
cdrom
7941