Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Zoya Mateeva
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Whether it is climate fluctuations or lasting one-way changes, it is clear that the climate today is not the same as it was a few decades ago. The question is no longer whether the change of climate exists, but in what way and to what extent it affects nature, man and his activity, how to mitigate it, and how to adapt to it. For this purpose, however, it is necessary to accurately determine the magnitude and direction of change of individual climatic elements and phenomena, given their diverse manifestations at the local level. This is especially true in urban areas, where a large part of the population is concentrated. Here climate change is becoming even more tangible as a result of the highly transformed underlying surface and air pollution. This is why many research on climate change is focusing on big cities.
The aim of the present study is to establish the long-term trends of change of basic climatic parameters in the largest city in Bulgaria - the capital Sofia. For this purpose, based on the historical climatic period 1967 - 2019, the algorithms of changing the following climatic elements are determined: air temperature, precipitation, wind speed, number of days with rainfall, with snowfall, with storms, with hail and with fog. Based on the determined algorithms, the values of these climatic elements are projected to future time horizons, in 10 years, until 2100. The results are of interest not only from a purely scientific point of view, but also for all economic sectors experiencing the impact of changing the climate.
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This work is part of the research project "Development of a methodological approach for national monitoring, analysis and evaluation of the system Climate / Climate Change - Covid-19", KP-06-DK-1/1 / 29.03.2021, financed by the Research Fund of the Ministry of Science and Education in the Republic of Bulgaria.
Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 04 - 10 July, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
04 - 10 July, 2022
Climate change; Sofia; Historical climatic trends; Climate projections