Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


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Michal Kraus
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Green Design and Sustainable Architecture
In recent years, the whole world has been looking for the most suitable solution to deal with global warming and other environmental consequences caused mainly by anthropogenic activities. One of the potential problematic phenomena at present is urbanization, which subsequently has an impact on the enlargement of urban or suburban areas at the expense of green areas. Vertical vegetation systems are part of the blue-green sustainable infrastructure and have become increasingly popular in recent years. With the right design, the vegetation facades cool the building in the summer, warm it up in the winter and support the favorable microclimate in their immediate surroundings. Green facades can retain water at the point of impact and retain it in the substrate itself. The plants then gradually begin to regain and evaporate the water, which cools not only the building envelope but also its surroundings (they prevent the urban heat island effect). Vertical gardens with vegetation capture airborne dust, act as an acoustic absorber, and oxidize their surroundings. In addition, they protect the structure and insulation of the building, thus significantly extending the life of the facade itself. The paper aims at the characteristics of individual types of vertical green systems and the creation of a basic framework of multicriteria analysis for selecting the ideal system for a given object/construction. The multi-criteria comparative analysis evaluates the acquisition costs (investments), biodiversity, landscaping rate, landscaping intensity, maintenance requirements, improvement of the thermal comfort of the building, shape variability, and the durability of the vertical green system.
sustainability, climate change, greenery, green architecture, vertical greenery systems, green facade
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[6] Ju W., Wu Ch., Yeh, P.J.-F., Dai H., Hu B.X., Global precipitation-related extremes at 1.5 °C and 2 °C of global warming targets: Projection and uncertainty assessment based on the CESM-LWR experiment, Atmospheric Research, vol. 264, 105868, 2021:
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[9] Sarkodie S.A., Winners and losers of energy sustainability—Global assessment of the Sustainable Development Goals, Science of The Total Environment, vol. 831, 154945, 2022.
[10] Besir A.B., Cuce E., Green roofs and facades: A comprehensive review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 82, part 1, pp. 915-939-2018.
[11] Liu H., Kong F., Yin H., Middel A., Zheng X., Huang J., Xu H. Wang D., Wen Z., Impacts of green roofs on water, temperature, and air quality: A bibliometric review, Building and Environment, vol. 196, 107794, 2021.
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[13] Bustami R. A., Belusko M., Ward J., Beecham S., Vertical greenery systems: A systematic review of research trends, Building and Environment, vol. 146, pp. 226-237, 2018.
[14] Alsaad H., Hartman M., Hilberl R., Voelker C., The potential of facade greening in mitigating the effects of heatwaves in Central European cities, Building and Environment, vol. 216, 109021, 2022
[15] Jackova M., Low energy consumption building with integrated green features (In Czech: Navrh budovy s nizkou spotrebou energie s integrovanymi prvky zelene), diploma thesis, Institute of Technology and Business in Ceske Budejovice, supervisor M. Kraus, Czech Republic, 2019.
Proceedings of 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022
22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2022, 04 - 10 July, 2022
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
04 - 10 July, 2022