Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Peter Futas; Alena Pribulova; Jozef Petrik; Peter Blasko; Vladimir Sabik
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Computer simulation has a significant application in the field of metallurgy. It is primarily an issue that deals with the issue of casting. The simulation of casting and solidification makes visible the foundry phenomena that take place in the gating system and the casting when the mold is filled with liquid metal and during its solidification.
The article deals with the design of the gating system and the simulation of the filling and solidification of a real casting made of ductile iron. In the next production process, this casting is thermally treated (isothermal hardening) and ADI cast iron is obtained. Ductile iron EN-GJS-700-2 is used in the foundry as the basic material for ADI cast iron.
The design of the gating system for a specific casting was designed in the CATIA V5R20 CAD system, and the computer simulation of casting and solidification was realized in the NovaFlow & Solid program. The correct design of the gating system is important mainly because of the resulting internal quality of the casting, the elimination of possible defects (shrinkages, micro shrinkages), as well as the increase in the use of liquid metal.
[1] Gorny, M., Stefanescu, D. M.: Thin-wall ductile iron castings. In Cast Iron Science and Technology. ASM Handbook; ASM International: Columbus, OH, USA, 2017; Vol. 1A, p. 617.
[2] Pokusova, M.: Effect of Moulding Sand’s Thermo-Physical Properties on the Crystallization of Ductile Cast Iron. In Scientific Proceedings Faculty of Mechanical Engineering STU in Bratislava. Bratislava: STU, 2012, pp. 22., DOI: 10.2478/v10228- 012-0004-9
[3] Futas, P., Pribulova, A., Pokusova, M., Junakova A., Sabik, V.: Possibilities of austempered ductile iron (ADI) production, SGEM 2022, Vol. 22., DOI: 10.5593/sgem2022/1.1/s04.056
[4] Campbell, J.: Complete Casting Handbook Metal Casting Processes, Metallurgy, Techniques and Design, Second Edition, 2015, ISBN: 978-0-444-63509-9
[5] H. Hou, G.W. Zhang, H.K. Mao, J. Cheng, A New Prediction Way to Shrinkage Cavity Formation for Ductile Iron Castings, Mater. Sci. Forum. 575–578 (2008) 127– 134. doi:10.4028/
[6] L.I. Jiarong, B. Liu, Study of solidification shrinkage of ductile iron in dry sand molds, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 15 (1999) 245–250.
[7] Larranaga, J.M. Gutierrez, a Loizaga, J. Sertucha, R. Suarez, A Computer-Aided System for Melt Quality and Shrinkage Propensity Evaluation Based on the Solidification Process of Ductile Iron, Trans. Am. Foundry Soc. 116 (2008) 547–562.
[8] Gating Risering, Risering.pdf, (n.d.).
[9] M. Bjerre, N.S. Tiedje, J. Thorborg, J.H. Hattel, Modelling the solidification of ductile cast iron parts with varying wall thicknesses, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 84 (2015) 12038. DOI:10.1088/1757-899X/84/1/012038.
[10] Olofsson J., Salomonsson K. &Svensson I.L. (2015). Modelling and simulations of ductile iron solidification induced variations in mechanical behaviour on component and microstructural level. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 84, 12026. DOI:
[11] Sulamet-Ariobimo R.D., Soedarsono J.W. & Suharno B. (2015). Cooling Rate Analysis of Thin Wall Ductile Iron Using Micro-structure Examination and Computer Simulation. Applied Me-chanical and Materials, 752–753, 845–850. DOI:
[12] Bhatt H., Barot R., Bhatt K., Beravala H. &Shah J. (2014). Design Optimization of FeedingSys-tem and Solidification Simulation for Cast Iron. In: Procedia Technology. 2nd InternationalCon-ference on Innovations in Automation and Mechatronics Engineering, ICIAME 2014, Gujarat, India, 7–8 March, 14, 357–364. Retrieved from
[13] I. Rio Tinto iron & titanium, The Sorelmetal Book of Ductile Iron, Rio Tinto Iron & Titanium Inc., Montreal (Quebec) Canada, 2004.
[14] Colak, M., Sekerden, M.: Modelling and validation of effect of binder type on feeding behaviour of spheroidal graphite cast iron, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Vol. 35, Issue 1 – 3, pp. 9 – 16, 2022. DOI: 10.1080/13640461.2022.2064653
[15] Futas, P., Pribulova, A., Fedorko, G., Molnar, V., Junakova, A., Laskovsky, V.: Failure analysis of a railway brake disc with the use of casting process simulation, Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 95, pp. 226 – 238, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2018.09.005
This work was supported by the Scientific Grant Agency of The Ministry of Education of the Slovak republic No. VEGA 1/0265/21, VEGA 1/0002/22, KEGA 018TUKE- 4/2022, APVV-22-0580.
Proceedings of 23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023
23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023, 03 - 09 July, 2023
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Russian Acad Arts; Turkish Acad Sci.
03 - 09 July, 2023
ductile iron, ADI, computer simulation, casting, solidification, gating system

24th SGEM International Conference on Earth & Planetary Sciences

International GeoConference SGEM2024
28 June - 8 July, 2024 / Albena, Bulgaria

Read More

SGEM Vienna GREEN "Green Science for Green Life"

Extended Scientific Sessions SGEM Vienna GREEN
25 - 29 November, 2024 / Vienna, Austria

Read More

A scientific platform for Art-Inspired Scientists!

The Magical World Where Science meets Art
Vienna, Austria

Read More