Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Mihaita Iulian NICULAE; Gabriel Ovidiu VANAU; Viorica Iulia MIU; Lavinia Corina PINDARU; Cristiana Maria PIOARCA- CIOCANEA
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
Habitat fragmentation is a significant threat to biodiversity conservation and the establishment of protected areas has been proposed as one of the main strategies for mitigating its impacts. Romania has established numerous Natura 2000 sites to protect habitats and species of European importance, but their effectiveness remains unclear. In Romania, the Natura 2000 network was established in 2007. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Sites of Community Importance (SCI), part of Natura 2000 network in Romania, in reducing habitat fragmentation.
Using the Corine Land Cover database (CLC2006 and CLC2018), we analyzed changes in landscape fragmentation from SCIs between 2006 and 2018 (before and after the establishment of Natura 2000 sites in Romania). We calculated a set of landscape metrics using Patch Analyst version, in order to assess habitat fragmentation and configuration in this period.
Our results indicate that, at landscape level, habitat fragmentation has decreased in protected areas for the analyzed period. At class level, the most significant changes for land use and land cover were registered for arable land and semi natural areas (increases in surfaces) and permanent crops, pastures and heterogeneous agricultural areas (decreases in surfaces).
Our findings suggest that the establishment of Natura 2000 sites has been effective in reducing habitat fragmentation in protected areas of Romania. This study provides a baseline for monitoring the effectiveness of Natura 2000 sites in Romania, only terrestrial SCI, and highlights the need for better management and conservation practices to mitigate habitat fragmentation.
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This work was supported by a grant of the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, CNCS - UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2021-1067, within PNCDI III
Proceedings of 23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023
23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023, 03 - 09 July, 2023
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Turkish Acad Sci.
03 - 09 July, 2023
Fragmentation, Landscape metrics, Biodiversity, Natura 2000 network, Romania