Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +



Title: EXTERNAL COSTS OF ROAD TRANSPORT IN FRAMES OF THE TRANSITION TO A LOW-CARBON ECONOMY

EXTERNAL COSTS OF ROAD TRANSPORT IN FRAMES OF THE TRANSITION TO A LOW-CARBON ECONOMY
Olga Kudryavtseva; Anastasiia Baraboshkina
10.5593/sgem2023v/4.2
1314-2704
English
23
4.2
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
In order to make the transition to a low-carbon economy and sustainable transport system and solve environmental and climate problems, many countries are replacing traditional cars that run on petroleum fuels with electric cars. Unlike vehicles with an internal combustion engine (ICE), electric vehicles` emissions from the operation phase are practically zero, but this is not the case if we consider the full life cycle. In this paper, we briefly describe the electric vehicle market, examine the life-cycle emissions of electric cars and ICE cars. The novelty of this study is in a methodological approach to the economic assessment of the negative impact of emissions from road transport and in a comparative assessment of the external costs of cars that run on traditional and alternative fuels. We applied the methodology of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which allows calculating country-specific and time-adjusted value of a statistical life. In this paper the characteristics of Russia`s energy balance and automotive market are considered. We came to results that, in general, in this country electric cars are more environmentally friendly and contribute less to climate change than cars with internal combustion engines. The external costs caused by life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of an electric car are lower than similar emissions from a traditional car. The external costs caused by emissions of pollutants from the electric car operation phase are lower than external costs caused by emissions from an ICE car. The proposed study could be of interest for policymakers in other countries to develop measures for sustainable transport system.
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[2] Cars, planes, trains: where do CO2 emissions from transport come from? // Our World in Data.URL: https://ourworldindata.org/co2-emissions-from-transport
[3] Emissions of air pollutants from transport //European Environment Agency. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/transport-emissions-of-air- pollutants-8/transport-emissions-of-air-pollutants-8
[4] Experts predicted how many electric vehicles there will be in Russia by 2030 // RIA Novosti. https://ria.ru/20211021/elektromobil-1755502699.html
[5] International Energy Agency. Countries, https://www.iea.org/countries/russia
[6] Kudryavtseva O.V., Baraboshkina A.V. Low-carbon development: challenges for Russia // International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM. — 2021. — Vol. 21, no. 5.1. — P. 301–306.
[7] Kudryavtseva, O. V., Kurdin, A. A. (2023). Prospects for low-carbon industrial policy: The case of Russia. Global Challenges of Climate Change, 2, 251–263. https://www.springerprofessional.de/en/prospects-for-low-carbon-industrial-policy-the- case-ofrussia/23719704
[8] Loboda V. The number of registered electric vehicles in Russia exceeded 20 thousand // Avtostat. https://www.autostat.ru/news/54027/.
[9] Transport strategy of the Russian Federation until 2030 with a forecast for the period until 2035. Order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated November 27, 2021 №. 3363-р. http://static.government.ru/media/files/7enYF2uL5kFZlOOpQhLl0nUT91RjCbeR.pdf
[10] The Cost of Air Pollution: Health Impacts of Road Transport. OECD Publishing, 2014. P. 54–55. https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/the-cost-of- airpollution_9789264210448-en#page4
[11] The Global Risks Report 2022. – World Economic Forum, 2022, 2022, 117 pp
[12] World Health Organization. (2022, December 19). Ambient (outdoor) air pollution. https://www.who.int/ru/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ambient-(outdoor)-air- quality-and-health
The research was funded by the Russian Fund for Basic Research within project 23-28- 00508 “Methodology for the elaboration of mechanisms for low-carbon development of Russia's economy in new circumstances”.
conference
Proceedings of 23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023
23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023, 28-30 November, 2023
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Russian Acad Arts; Turkish Acad Sci.
227-234
28-30 November, 2023
website
9453
electric cars and road transport, low-carbon development and climate change, life cycle analysis, external costs, greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants

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