Peer-reviewed articles 17,970 +


Lenka Kazimirova; Denisa Ciderova ; Simona Sakacova ; Jozef Cernak
•    Prof. DSc. Oleksandr Trofymchuk, UKRAINE 
•    Prof. Dr. hab. oec. Baiba Rivza, LATVIA
The issue of energy self-sufficiency is currently crucial. The concept of energy selfsufficiency is closely related to the concept of energy security; yet, there are many definitions for the term energy security. The essence of all of them is for a country to secure enough energy resources to cover its needs. If a country can secure these resources on its own without depending on imports from other countries, one refers to energy self-sufficiency. Energy self-sufficiency can be achieved in a number of ways such as reducing energy demand, improving fuel efficiency, securing physical infrastructure networks, increasing storage capacity, or increasing the use of renewable energy sources. Fundamental forms of energy self-sufficiency are external self-sufficiency, internal selfsufficiency, and energy consumption; overall, energy self-sufficiency consists of four components: availability; affordability; energy and economic efficiency; and environmental stewardship. Low energy self-sufficiency has a significant economic and social impact, which is reflected in a country's balance of payments and employment, it can lead to economic crises and price instability. Lack of access to reliable and affordable energy can result in food insecurity; health problems; limited access to education, social and economic development. The linkages between energy, food self-sufficiency, and self-sufficiency of water resources are considered in terms of the so-called WEF Nexus (Water-Energy-Food Nexus) that focuses on the interconnectedness of water, energy and food systems to promote sustainable development and address global climate change. Based on the application of scientific methods in relation to the investigation of energy self-sufficiency (the “E” Matrix in the framework of the WEF Nexus) on the background of quantitative & qualitative sustainable development and CSR trends, the main aim of our paper is to assess energy self-sufficiency in the context of the WEF nexus as well as in the light of the United Nations 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in order to formulate opportunities arising from the European Union Recovery and Resilience Plans. When documenting quantitative & qualitative sustainable development trends in the context of the WEF Nexus, our paper addressed the United Nations 2030 Agenda (alias “SDG diplomacy”) as well as the NextGenerationEU Agenda (alias “Green Deal diplomacy”).
[1] Court of Justice of the European Union, Poland must immediately cease lignite extraction activities in the Turow mine, Order of the Vice-President of the Court in Case C-121/21 R Czech Republic v Poland, Press Release No. 89/21, 21 May 2021, Luxembourg, 2021.
[2] Cernak, J., Ciderova, D., Benashvili, G., Sustainable Economic Development From Global Perspective: Transregional European Union Economic Diplomacy and “Green Deal Diplomacy”. In SGEM 2022: 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, pp. 205-214, 2022.
[3] Dzebo, A., Shawoo, Z., Sustainable Development Goal interactions through a climate lens: a global analysis, Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden, 2023.
[4] Holmatov, B., Lautze, J., Uhlenbrook, S., The nexus across water, energy and food (WEF): Learning from research, building on evidence, strengthening practice, Natural Resources Forum, 47(4), pp 817–841, 2023.
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[6] Official website of the European Union ( and of its European Commission, Country Pages,, Belgium.
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[8] Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Sustainable Development Report 2019, Bertelsmann Stiftung and SDSN, USA, 2019.
[9] Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F., The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 2020.
[10a] Sachs, J., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F., The Decade of Action for the Sustainable Development Goals: Sustainable Development Report 2021, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 2021.
[10b] SDSN. Transformations for the Joint Implementation of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the European Green Deal – A Green and Digital, JobBased and Inclusive Recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2021.
[11] Sachs, J., Lafortune, G., Kroll, Ch., Fuller, G., Woelm, F., From Crisis to Sustainable Development: the SDGs as Roadmap to 2030 and Beyond. Sustainable Development Report 2022, Bertelsmann Stiftung, SDSN, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and USA, 2022.
[12a] Sachs, J. D., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Drumm, E., Implementing the SDG Stimulus. Sustainable Development Report 2023, SDSN, Dublin University Press, France and Ireland, 2023.
[12b] United Nations, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2023 – Special Edition, USA, 2023.
[13] Simpson, G. B., Jewitt, G. P. W., Becker, W., Badenhorst, J., Masia, S., Neves, A. R., Rovira, P., Pascual, V., The Water-Energy-Food Nexus Index: A Tool to Support Integrated Resource Planning, Management and Security. Front. Water 4(825854), 2022. Retrieved from:
[14] Szemler, T., The European Dimension: The V4 and the EU: An "Alliance within the Alliance". In Alexei, D. Voskressenki; Boglarka, Koller (eds.) The Regional World Order: Transregionalism, Regional Integration, and Regional Projects across Europe and Asia, Lexington Books, pp. 77-86, United States of America, 2019.
[15] Thielemann, N., Berrocal, M., Framing the Energy Transition: The Case of Poland’s Turow Lignite Mine, International Journal of Strategic Communication, 16 July 2023
The authors would like to thank the research projects: “Nova vizia ekonomickej diplomacie SR ako nastroja proexportnej politiky do roku 2023 / New vision of economic diplomacy of the Slovak Republic as a tool of export promotion until 2023” funded by the Foundation of the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic (July 2021 – July 2022); and KEGA project No. 003EU-4-2022 for providing their support.
Proceedings of 23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023
23rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2023, 28-30 November, 2023
Proceedings Paper
STEF92 Technology
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci and Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts and Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; Croatian Acad Sci and Arts; Acad Sci Moldova; Montenegrin Acad Sci and Arts; Georgian Acad Sci; Acad Fine Arts and Design Bratislava; Russian Acad Arts; Turkish Acad Sci.
28-30 November, 2023
United Nations 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs); CSR-SDG Correspondence Index; Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus; CJEU Case C- 121/21 R Czech Republic v Poland (Turow case); Visegrad (V4) countries.

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